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Initializing Dynamic Web TWAIN takes a few simple steps, as you can see in the Getting Started chapter. The following guide will dive deeper into the process how Dynamic Web TWAIN is intialized once the web page loads.

Loading the Core JS Files

This is the first step of the initialization.

Introduction to the core files

Inside the Resources directory that is included in the SDK installation folder, you can find the following two main JS files which define the configurations and operation of Dynamic Web TWAIN:

  • dynamsoft.webtwain.initiate.js

    This file is the core of the Dynamic Web TWAIN JavaScript Library. You’re not supposed to change it without consulting the Dynamsoft Support Team.

  • dynamsoft.webtwain.config.js

    This file is used for setting basic configurations of Dynamic Web TWAIN, e.g., configure the product key, change the initial viewer size, and more.

If you are using the official dwt NPM package, you will see dynamsoft.webtwain.min.js and dynamsoft.webtwain.min.mjs instead. For simplicity, in each of these files Dynamsoft has included all necessary JavaScript code which includes both files mentioned above plus dynamsoft.webtwain.install.js and all extra components (add-ons). The dynamsoft.webtwain.min.js file is a simple combination of the code while the dynamsoft.webtwain.min.mjs file is built as an ECMAScript 6 (ES6) Module that is used in applications based on Angular, React, and Vue etc.

Loading Add-on JS files

Dynamic Web TWAIN offers a number of optional add-ons, including a barcode reader, a PDF rasterizer, and two webcam utilizers. The files for these components reside in the addon subfolder in the Resources directory. Learn more about the resource files.

You can reference the respective JS file to include any of these add-on components. Once a JS file is referenced, the member methods/properties of that component are made available in the Dynamsoft Namespace and can later be used by the WebTwain instances.

If you use any of the min file from the Dynamic Web TWAIN package, all add-on components are included by default.

Loading the supporting files

Once the main JS files are loaded in, the initialization process moves to load all the other supporting JS files as well as the CSS files.

The following files which can be found in the Resources folder are required:

  • dynamsoft.webtwain.install.js: used to configure the dialogs which show up when the Dynamsoft Service is not installed or needs upgrade, etc. This file is automatically loaded when the code in dynamsoft.webtwain.initiate.js executes.
  • src/dynamsoft.viewer.js, src/dynamsoft.viewer.css, src/dynamsoft.webtwain.css: used to build the viewer component of Dynamic Web TWAIN, as well as define the CSS of the other UI elements of the library.

Creating the WebTwain instance

This is the last step of the initialization.

The leading player of Dynamic Web TWAIN is the WebTwain class. Almost all methods and properties are defined in this class.

Three methods to instantiate Dynamic Web TWAIN:


This is the default method to create WebTwain instances. The following two snippets are equivalent.

Snippet 1:

Dynamsoft.DWT.OnWebTwainReady = function() {
    DWObject = Dynamsoft.DWT.GetWebTwain("dwtcontrolContainer");

Snippet 2:

Dynamsoft.DWT.RegisterEvent('OnWebTwainReady', Dynamsoft_OnReady);
function Dynamsoft_OnReady() {
    DWObject = Dynamsoft.DWT.GetWebTwain("dwtcontrolContainer");

By default, Dynamsoft.DWT.Load() will be called automatically as soon as the running environment is ready.

You can control the behavior using Dynamsoft.DWT.AutoLoad which is defined in the file dynamsoft.webtwain.config.js. It is set to true by default but can be called anywhere before the actual loading begins.

When Load() is called, Dynamic Web TWAIN tries to create the WebTwain instances. Once it’s done, Dynamic Web TWAIN triggers the built-in callback Dynamsoft.DWT.OnWebTwainReady in which the method Dynamsoft.DWT.GetWebTwain can be used to get the handler(s) of the instance(s). For simplicity, the OnWebTwainReady callback points to a global function called Dynamsoft_OnReady.


This method manually creates a WebTwain instance with a default built-in viewer.

 * Create a WebTwain instance with UI.
 * @param ContainerId Specify the HTML element (typically of the type HTMLDivElement) to hold the UI.
 * @param host Specify the host.
 * @param port Specify the port.
 * @param portSSL Specify the SSL port.
 * @param successCallback A callback function that is executed if the request succeeds.
 * @param failureCallback A callback function that is executed if the request fails.
    ContainerId: string, 
    successCallBack: (DWObject: WebTwain) => void,
    failureCallBack: ({code: number, message: string}) => void
): void;

    ContainerId: string, 
    host: string, 
    port: string | number, 
    portSSL: string | number, 
    successCallBack: (DWObject: WebTwain) => void,
    failureCallBack: ({code: number, message: string}) => void
): void;

The following would be equivalent to using Load with the configuration Dynamsoft.DWT.Containers = [{ContainerId: 'dwtcontrolContainer', Width: '585px', Height: '513px'}

    function(obj) {
        obj.Width = 585;
        obj.Height = 513;
    function(err) {


This method manually creates a WebTwain instance without a default built-in viewer.

 * Create a WebTwain instance without UI.
 * @param WebTwainId Specify the Id of the instance.
 * @param successCallback A callback function that is executed if the request succeeds.
 * @param failureCallback A callback function that is executed if the request fails.
    dwtInitialConfig: DWTInitialConfig,
    successCallBack: (DWObject: WebTwain) => void,
    failureCallBack: ({code: number, message: string}) => void
): void;

The following is the DWTInitialConfig interface:

  • Host, Port, PortSSL: These three optional parameters must be set at the same time.
interface DWTInitialConfig {
    WebTwainId: string;
    Host?: string;
    Port?: string;
    SSLPort?: string;

Compared with CreateDWTObject, CreateDWTObjectEx requires a WebTwainId instead of a ContainerId.

The following would be equivalent to using Load with the configuration Dynamsoft.DWT.Containers = [{ContainerId: 'dwtcontrolContainer', Width: '800px', Height: '600px'}

The created instance doesn’t have a built-in viewer. You can instead use the method bind() to add a viewer.

var DWObject = null;
        WebTwainId: 'dwtcontrol'
    function(obj) {
        DWObject = obj;
        DWObject.Viewer.height = 600;
        DWObject.Viewer.width = 800;;
    function(err) {

Customizing the instances

The instances are defined in dynamsoft.webtwain.config.js:

Dynamsoft.DWT.Containers = [{
    ContainerId: 'dwtcontrolContainer',
    Width: '585px',
    Height: '513px'

Containers is an array of the Container type.

interface Container {
    WebTwainId?: string;
    ContainerId?: string;
    Width?: string | number;
    Height?: string | number;


  • WebTwainId and ContainerId are both optional but one must exist as the identifier for that WebTwain instance.
  • Width and Height determine the initial viewer size of the instance.
  • When instantiating with Dynamsoft.DWT.Load , ContainerId , Width and Height are required. Dynamic Web TWAIN will try to locate an HTML element with the ID defined by ContainerId and use Width and Height as the viewer size.

To create multiple instances, simply provide multiple Containers. For example, the following code creates two WebTwain instances:

Dynamsoft.DWT.Containers = [{
    ContainerId: 'dwtcontrolContainer1',
    Width: '585px',
    Height: '513px'
}, {
    ContainerId: 'dwtcontrolContainer2',
    Width: '585px',
    Height: '513px'

The Dynamsoft Namespace

Dynamic Web TWAIN operates under the Dynamsoft namespace.

Dynamsoft is the top-level namespace. Dynamic Web TWAIN and other Dynamsoft libraries are all defined under Dynamsoft. For Dynamic Web TWAIN, the major members of this namespace are:

  • Dynamic Web TWAIN

    Includes global methods, properties for WebTwain initialization and instantiation, etc.

  • Lib

    Includes information like environment detection results (Dynamsoft.Lib.env) and global methods like showMask(), hideMask(), etc.

  • Enumerations

    Includes enumerations like Dynamsoft.DWT.EnumDWT_PixelType.

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